Comparatives and superlatives in English

Posted on Apr 8 2014 - 3:47am by Zdenda

Comparative is used when you want to compare two things. For example one person is tall and the other is short. So you will say: Person A is taller than person B. OR Person B is shorter than person A.
You can see some more examples below in the picture.
comparatives picture

Superlative is used if you want to say that someone is number 1. For example, you can say that Usain Bolt is the fastest man in the world. There are other examples of the usage of superlatives in the picture:
Superlatives example picture

Grammar explanation – mind map

There are several rules in English how to form comparatives and superlatives. First of all you have to decide whether the adjective is short or long. Short adjectives are those adjectives that have one syllable or that have two syllables and end with “Y”. If the adjective is short you add the ending “-er” for a comparative or “-est” for a superlative. There are several simple rules concerning the spelling which you can find in the mind map below.
If the adjective has two or more syllables and it does not end with “Y” then it is a long adjective and you have to add “more” or “most” in front of the adjective.
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Comparatives and superlatives mind map

Irregular adjectives

You have to learn the following adjectives.

good – better – the best
bad – worse -the worst
far – futher / farther – the furthest / the farthest
little – less – the least

Games

So now that you understand the rules how to form superlatives and comparatives in English it is time to practice them in games. In the first game your task is to write the adjectives in superlative or comparative form. Be careful about the spelling.
Comparatives and superlatives – Teacher invaders

In the second game you have to complete the sentences with the correct form of the adjective.

Comparatives and superlatives – Penalty
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21 Comments so far. Feel free to join this conversation.

  1. Galina Dhanoon 08/04/2014 at 7:23 am -

    I LOVE your mind maps – so useful! I’ve got a folder full of them for when I cover certain topics with my students, and I frequently see them refer back to them in class. Thank you!

  2. Jacques 08/04/2014 at 11:25 am -

    Miss however the exceptions with two syllable words ending in: -le, -er, -ow, -y

  3. Jacques 08/04/2014 at 11:26 am -

    That will get -er, -est despite their two syllables

  4. Zdenda 08/04/2014 at 1:08 pm -

    Could you give some examples because I am not really sure which adjectives you mean.

  5. valdemar 08/04/2014 at 2:51 pm -

    Futher? It isn’t Further the comparative of Far?

  6. Zdenda 08/04/2014 at 3:08 pm -

    You are right. Sorry about that. And that was checked by 15 people πŸ™

  7. Anna 08/04/2014 at 4:06 pm -

    “little” is not an adjective; it’s an adverb here used to answer “how much?” e.g. little milk – less milk -the least milk πŸ™‚ you can say “little boy” – and here it is an adjective, but you can’t say less boy or “the least boy”:)
    regards πŸ™‚

  8. Anna 08/04/2014 at 4:08 pm -

    and how about such an irregular as old-elder-the eldest? πŸ™‚

  9. NguyΓͺn VΔƒn 08/04/2014 at 4:54 pm -

    Thanks so much for your mind map about The Comparison.
    I am teaching this lesson.
    I am very happy if you mind letting me use it in my lesson.
    Thank you very much.

  10. Maja 08/04/2014 at 6:15 pm -

    There’s a mistake in teacher invaders. It asks for the superlative form of weak, yet marks it as a wrong answer, saying weaker is correct.

  11. Juan Yllescas 09/04/2014 at 12:55 am -

    For the sake of argument, Zdenda and Jacques: could you give an example, please? Thank you in advance.

  12. Darija 09/04/2014 at 9:49 am -

    How can I download these images?

  13. Darija 09/04/2014 at 9:52 am -

    It’s ok I’ve just managed to do it. Thanks a lot wor your maps, I’ll use it for my students! It’s something innovative and just what I’ve been searching for!

  14. maryam 09/04/2014 at 11:30 am -

    i wan same one help me i speaking english

  15. Angela 09/04/2014 at 1:35 pm -

    I admire your work, Zdena! Thank you for sharing it!!!! Greetings from Italy

  16. Zdenda 10/04/2014 at 3:20 am -

    Rightclick the image and download it.

  17. Zdenda 10/04/2014 at 3:22 am -

    Yes, there is one. I will try to correct it ASAP.

  18. Zdenda 10/04/2014 at 3:23 am -

    I think that it is not an irregular form. I think it is just another word. But I might be wrong here πŸ™‚
    Anyway, it is a really interesting question.

  19. Zdenda 10/04/2014 at 3:24 am -

    Thanks. I completely agree with you.

  20. Nan 28/04/2014 at 5:45 am -

    Thank you very much for your sharing πŸ™‚
    they’re so good for learning and easy to understand.

  21. Ivana 22/09/2014 at 6:47 am -

    Thank you so much for sharing this great mind map…also for the games. πŸ™‚ I use them all the time and the kids love it…

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