Comparative is used when you want to compare two things. For example one person is tall and the other is short. So you will say: Person A is taller than person B. OR Person B is shorter than person A.
You can see some more examples below in the picture.
Superlative is used if you want to say that someone is number 1. For example, you can say that Usain Bolt is the fastest man in the world. There are other examples of the usage of superlatives in the picture:
Grammar explanation – mind map
There are several rules in English how to form comparatives and superlatives
. First of all you have to decide whether the adjective is short or long. Short adjectives
are those adjectives that have one syllable or that have two syllables and end with “Y”. If the adjective is short you add the ending “-er” for a comparative or “-est” for a superlative. There are several simple rules concerning the spelling which you can find in the mind map below.
If the adjective has two or more syllables
and it does not end with “Y” then it is a long adjective
and you have to add “more” or “most” in front of the adjective.
You have to learn the following adjectives.
good – better – the best
bad – worse -the worst
far – futher / farther – the furthest / the farthest
little – less – the least
So now that you understand the rules how to form superlatives and comparatives in English it is time to practice them in games.
In the first game your task is to write the adjectives in superlative or comparative form. Be careful about the spelling.
Comparatives and superlatives – Teacher invaders
In the second game you have to complete the sentences with the correct form of the adjective.
Comparatives and superlatives – Penalty