Present perfect tense – grammar explanation

Posted on Mar 19 2014 - 5:19am by Zdenda

Some time ago I presented here an infographics on present perfect tense. This infographic contains a lot of interesting information but when I tried to teach the present perfect tense using it, I found out that I failed. That is why I have prepared this new one where I try to introduce the form and the basic usage of the present perfect tense.
To teach the grammar successfully though the students have to know the past participles. You can learn present past participles here. There is mind map and three games to learn 40 of them.

Present perfect tense – mindmap

This mind map shows the form of present perfect tense and the basic usage.
Present perfect complete mind map 724x1024 Present perfect tense   grammar explanation

The simple explanation of present perfect tense

Present perfect tense – RAP

We have used a rap before to explain the grammar. You can see the explanation of the present simple and present continuous tenses here and the rap presentation of past participles here.
Play this rap after reading the graphics above and it should help you memorise the form and the usage of the grammar.

Present perfect tense – games

And now it is time to practise the grammar by playing some games. In the first game you should choose the correct form to create the tense. Thus you will practise the past participles and the correct form of the verb “To Have”.

Click Here to play the game – Penalty

In the second game, your task is to create correct questions.
Click Here to play the game – On target

You can play other games for example here in our post Present perfect basic.


I hope this post helped you understand the usage and form of the present perfect tense better. You can find more grammar posts on our blog. For example, there is a post on Second conditional or creation of questions starting with HOW. Enjoy.

pixel Present perfect tense   grammar explanation

15 Comments so far. Feel free to join this conversation.

  1. dewi santi 19/03/2014 at 12:55 pm - Reply

    can’t wait to try this one too…i guess it would be enjoyable.

  2. komal 19/03/2014 at 5:49 pm - Reply

    Hey I wanna learn English ,conversations skills listening and every thing plzz answer if u can help plzzzz

  3. EMAD 20/03/2014 at 6:03 am - Reply


  4. David Aduviri 21/03/2014 at 11:50 am - Reply

    These ideas are meaningful in learning and teaching. I would really appreciate you keep on sharing. You might vary materials within main skills and subskills. I apprerciate the effort you make. Lots of and lots of people take advantage of this, at least my students.

    • Zdenda 21/03/2014 at 1:34 pm - Reply

      The next post will be on reading and listening. I hope you will find it useful.

  5. SALVADOR 21/03/2014 at 1:11 pm - Reply

    Thank you so much because of this clues, all of them are amazing ¡¡

  6. Andreateacher 27/03/2014 at 3:01 am - Reply

    lovely clues, and practice for my sts. Thanks a bunch!!

  7. Nhan 29/03/2014 at 5:18 pm - Reply

    Thank so much!

    • Zdenda 30/03/2014 at 4:49 am - Reply

      I am glad that I could help you with the present perfect tense.

  8. Wael Maher 04/04/2014 at 6:04 am - Reply

    You are a genius, Present perfect in a rap song !!!!!
    My students will love it .

    • Zdenda 05/04/2014 at 4:05 am - Reply

      Thank you. So do mine

  9. Darija 09/04/2014 at 10:03 am - Reply

    Extremely high dose of creativity!

  10. Esteban 12/04/2014 at 11:14 pm - Reply

    I need some information about past perfect and past perfect continuous.

    Thanks for your help..

    • Zdenda 15/04/2014 at 2:24 am - Reply

      There is a post on past perfect. I have not planned a post on past perfect continuous yet. Maybe in the future.

  11. present perfect 02/09/2014 at 8:36 am - Reply

    It’s good article

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